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Latifi Silk Exports LLP

Latifi Silk Exports LLP is almost 30 years old – there has been a conscious effort to ancient, upgrade and modernize the machines and tools used in the process – without infringing the typical characteristics of fabrics from this region under the able guidance of Mr Ahmad Nadeem.
The process involve spinning, twisting, dyeing, and weaving of yarn into fabrics and then finishing of fabrics. However, Latifi Silk Exports LLP is perhaps one of the very few companies engaged in continuous development of new and different fabrics using different yarn specifications spinning, weaving techniques, Dyeing Methods and Fabrics Finishing – so you would discover something unique every season. Conscious of our environment protection obligations, Latifi Silk Exports LLP is perhaps one among the few companies with effluent treatment plant in this region.

Hand Spinning

Spinning of silk is the twisting of silk fibre together to form yarn, and this is one of the major part of Latifi Silk Exports LLP. These yarn are used to create textiles/Fabrics, which are then used to make clothing and many other silk products. There are several industrial processes available to spin yarn, as well as hand-spinning techniques where the fibers is drawn out, twisted, and wound onto a bobbin.

Spinning of silk by Hand is an ancient textile art in which plant, animal or synthetic fibres are drawn out and twisted together to form yarn. Fibre was spun by hand using simple tools, the spindle and distaff. It was only with the invention of the spinning wheel with us.

The characteristics of spun yarn vary according to the material used, fibre length and alignment, quantity of fibre used, and degree of twist.             

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Weaving

Latifi Silk Exports LLP holds weaving of silk by both handloom and Power loom method. Weaving is done by Warping and wefting is aligned in such a way that composition of yarn should give a new design/look or a pattern. The secret of Bhagalpur’s incredibly beautiful fabric lies in the versatility offered by weaving skills honed over generations by its native weavers.

Handloom

This is an ancient weaving technique, where the weaving are done manually by trained Weavers. The process is slow moving and require high amount of patience. We have close to 500 handloom setup with the weaving capacity of 50000 meters of fabrics in a month. Latifi silk Exports LLP is an integrated production center with a vertical set up and its production process. Since it is hand processed some variation in colour and weave is natural – and all our valued customers will vouch that this brings out the uniqueness and beauty of the fabrics.

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Powerloom

In our modern weaving technique, we have taken due care to equipment’s in the facility with latest machines and well trained men to give our customers near to flawless quality fabrics. We have xyz looms with an approximate weaving capacity of 100000 meters per annum. Latifi silk Exports LLP is an integrated production center with a vertical mill set up and its production process.

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Dyeing

Dyeing is the process of adding colour to textile products like fibres, yarns, and fabrics. Dyeing is normally done in a special solution containing dyes and particular chemical material. After dyeing, dye molecules have uncut chemical bond with fibre molecules. In tune with management philosophy, wherever possible machines like JIGGER & WINCHES have been introduced for piece dyed qualities resulting in better uniformity and ensuring high quality dyeing and colour fastness, with the best quality dyes from “Ciba”.

Yarn Dye :  Since it is hand processed some variation in colour and weave is natural – and all our valued customers will vouch that this brings out the uniqueness and beauty of the fabrics. There are many forms of yarn dyeing. Common forms are the package form and the hanks form. Cotton yarns are mostly dyed at package form, and silk, acrylic or wool yarn are dyed at hank form. In this context Latifi Silk Exports LLP goes with dyeing of hank manually. The common dyeing process of silk yarn with reactive dyes at package colour. The raw yarn is wound on a spring tube to achieve a package suitable for dye penetration. These softened packages are loaded on a dyeing carrier’s spindle one on another. The carrier is loaded on the dyeing machine and the yarn is dyed.

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⦁ Fabrics Dye: It’s a long process and hence it’s a time taking process.

⦁ Singeing: Singeing is designed to burn off the surface fibres from the fabric to produce smoothness. The fabric passes over brushes to raise the fibres, then passes over a plate heated by gas flames.
⦁ Desizing: Depending on the size that has been used, the cloth is steeped in a dilute acid and then rinsed, or enzymes may be used to break down the size.
⦁ Scouring: Scouring, is a chemical washing process carried out on silk fabric to remove natural wax and non-fibrous impurities from the fibres and any added soiling or dirt. The fabric is boiled in a huge tumbler, which forms a soap with free fatty acids (saponification). If the appropriate reagents are used, scouring will also remove size from the fabric although desizing often precedes scouring and is considered to be a separate process known as fabric preparation. Preparation and scouring are prerequisites to most of the other finishing processes.
⦁ Bleaching: Bleaching improves whiteness by removing natural coloration and remaining trace impurities from the cotton; the degree of bleaching necessary is determined by the required whiteness and absorbency.
⦁ Mercerising: A further possibility is mercerizing during which the fabric is treated with caustic soda solution to cause swelling of the fibres. This results in improved lustre, strength and dye affinity.
⦁ Coloration: Color is a sensation caused when white light from a source such as the sun is reflected off a pigment on the surface. The pigment selectively reflects certain wavelengths of light while absorbing others. A dye can be considered as a substance that can be fixed to a material that has these properties.
⦁ Dyeing: Finally, Silk is an absorbent fibre which responds readily to colouration processes. Dyeing, for instance, is commonly carried out with an anionic direct dye by completely immersing the fabric (or yarn) in an aqueous dyebath according to a prescribed procedure.

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Fabric Finishing

Fabrics finishing is what we consider as product presentation to the customer. We believe in Customer satisfaction. Fabrics finishing is done inorder to ensure the fabrics appear good in terms of shine/Luster/Toughness and of course matte finishing. In fabric Finishing we ensure each of these hand woven fabrics undergoes “KUNDI Finish”, which is hand beaten process with a tuff wooden blocks (sprayed with appropriate chemicals/reagents) which ensures a special impart shine / luster, yet matte look. This is mainly done manually, a time taking process and a semi-skilled workers are involved for overall look, calendaring, finish and feel of the fabric. Apart from that these fabrics undergoes “Calender Finish” which is ironing of these fabrics by the machine with the temperature of xyz degree.

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Labelling, Packaging, Wrapping and Dispatch

Packaging is one of the main process at Latifi Silk as we belive that, it creates a lot of attention to the people. Packaging also refers to the process of design, evaluation, and production of packages. Packaging is a way to coordinate system of preparing goods for transport, warehousing, logistics and sale.
A Latifi Silk packaging means wrapping, compressing, tagging, filling or creating of goods for the purpose of protection of goods and their convenient handling. Packaging means a case, container, wrapper or other receptacle for packaging goods. At Latifi Silk the packaging is done by metals, silk, Cloths, plastic, wood, paper, laminates, polyester, a special measure is taken to keep the product away from moisture.

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